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What are periodontal (gum) diseases? Periodontal (gum) diseases, including gingivitis and periodontitis, are serious infections that, left untreated, can lead to tooth loss. The word periodontal literally means "around the tooth." Periodontal disease is a chronic bacterial infection that affects the gums and bone supporting the teeth.

Periodontal disease can affect one tooth or many teeth. It begins when the bacteria in plaque (the sticky, colorless film that constantly forms on your teeth) causes the gums to become inflamed.

In the mildest form of the disease, gingivitis, the gums redden, swell and bleed easily. There is usually little or no discomfort. Gingivitis is often caused by inadequate oral hygiene. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral home care.

Untreated gingivitis can advance to periodontitis. With time, plaque can spread and grow below the gum line. Toxins produced by the bacteria in plaque irritate the gums. The toxins stimulate a chronic inflammatory response. The tissues and bone that support the teeth are broken down and destroyed. Gums separate from the teeth, forming pockets (spaces between the teeth and gums) that become infected. As the disease progresses, the pockets deepen and more gum tissue and bone are destroyed. Often, this destructive process has very mild symptoms. Eventually, teeth can become loose and may have to be removed. Please schedule regular dental visits with us to help fight Periodontal disease in Dallas.
What is periodontal disease in kids? Many people think of periodontal disease as an adult problem. However, studies indicate that gingivitis (the first stage of periodontal disease) is nearly a universal finding in children and adolescents. Advanced forms of periodontal disease are more rare in children than adults, but can occur. What the types of periodontal diseases in children? Gingivitis usually causes gum tissue to swell, turn red and bleed easily. It is both preventable and treatable with a regular brushing, flossing and professional dental care. However, left untreated, it can eventually advance to more serious forms of periodontal disease.

Aggressive periodontitis can affect young people who are otherwise healthy. Localized aggressive periodontitis is found in teenagers and young adults and mainly affects the first molars and incisors. It is characterized by the severe loss of bone, and ironically, patients generally form very little dental plaque or calculus.

Generalized aggressive periodontitis may begin around puberty and involve the entire mouth. It is marked by inflammation of the gums and heavy accumulations of plaque and calculus. Eventually it can cause the teeth to become loose.

As with adults, periodontitis associated with systemic disease occurs in children and adolescents. Conditions that make children more susceptible to periodontal disease include:
  • Type I Diabetes
  • Down Syndrome
  • Papillon-Lefevre Syndrome
For example, in a survey of 263 Type I diabetics, 11 to 18 years of age, 10 percent had overt periodontitis. Four basic signs will alert you to periodontal disease in your child:
  • Bleeding - Bleeding gums during tooth brushing, flossing or any other time. This is caused by toxins created by bacteria, that irritate the gums making them tender and lead to bleeding.
  • Puffiness - Swollen and bright red gums
  • Recession - Gums that have receded away from the teeth, exposing the roots
  • Bad breath - Constant bad breath that does not clear up with brushing and flossing

Lakewood Family Dental Care helps veterans battle gum disease

Perio Trays

A Perio Tray® is uniquely designed to fit each patient precisely. An impression of your mouth will be taken and sent with a prescription to a specialized dental laboratory for custom fabrication. Patients will receive detailed usage instructions based on their individual needs. For most people, the Perio Tray® is used for only minutes each day. Patients describe the Perio Tray® as comfortable, convenient, and easy to use. They especially appreciate its non-invasive technology.

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